The Lithium-ion battery has taken the tech community by storm. These batteries were only used in air buses, but now things have changed. From your brand new iPhone to eclectic cars, all got Li-ion Batteries.
These lithium batteries support you for 2 to 3 years, but the irony is there is no time guarantee. People use a number of cycles to tell about battery usage. A new battery can give 300 to 500 cycles of reaching. Not all batteries behave the same, some batteries die early and some last longer. All this depends upon the user, how they take care of things.
Lithium batteries are rechargeable batteries and taken over the world with its nature. Now there is a big misconception about these rechargeable batteries, people think that rechargeable batteries can last a lifetime. Unfortunately, that is not true. Li-ion batteries like other batteries have a limited number of cycles of recharging, once the cycles are completed your battery is near to die.
A common example is your apple iPhone. Iphones use Li-Ion batteries. iPhone claims that your battery health will be 80% when you complete 500 cycles of charging.
What causes lithium batteries to die? Let’s find out.
Causes of lithium batteries to die out early?
Surely there are some human factors involved in determining the life of the battery. Factors such as overcharging and overheating should be mentioned here. What are other factors that made lithium batteries die out early? Let’s dig in.
Solid Electrolyte Interface Effect
When you charge the li-ion battery, the lithium attracts towards the negative electrolyte this process changes the battery’s voltage potential. With the discharge of the battery, the removal of lithium occurs, but that does not reset the battery’s health. The lithium atoms collected over the diode surface over a mesh, are called stable Electrolyte surfaces.
Now, as long as the battery process in its charging cycle the process remains on repeat. And with time the mesh gets thicker and thicker and prevents the graphite from interacting. This process is responsible for the degradation of the batteries.
If you charge the battery over the preferred voltage or below the preferred voltage your battery will die out if it’s not in the recommended voltage zone.
Let’s assume you increase the voltage of the battery while charging it, what will happen? Firstly the battery will face overheating and lithium plating will occur. When you increase the voltage, excessive current floats in the battery. Excessive current gets the lithium off its cathode, the excessive lithium ions cannot be adjusted anywhere, so they try to accumulate over the anode and form a metallic surface.
The whole over-voltage process limits the number of available lithium ions in the battery. This causes irreversible battery damage. Overvoltage also causes short-circuiting between cathode.
Now, what if we lower the voltage of the battery? Charging the battery below 2 volts is a quick self-death of the battery, When you charge the battery below 2 volts the coppers start dissolving into electrolytes that results in self-discharging of the battery. If you increase the voltage above 2 volts, copper ions will spread over the electrolyte and form a metallic copper. This may result in a short circuit in the battery.
Either High or low, both temperatures are harmful to battery life. The over and low temperature will shorten the life of the battery. Also, it may cause lower charging capacity.
If the temperature of the battery is kept low, the battery chemicals will not actively transform within the cell. This will result in a reduction of the holding capacity of the battery. Besides affecting the discharging time, it also impacts the charging capacity. The battery will charge quickly and discharge quickly.
If the temperature is kept low for a longer period this will reduce the power of the battery. The chemicals of the battery will not react to the level and this will result in lithium plating and capacity loss.
Higher temperatures increase the current flow and reduce the life of the lithium battery.
No matter how good your battery is, or how much time you spend taking care of it, there is one thing you cannot control when it comes to your battery health. Aging. With the charging and discharging going on for months, the stability and efficiency go down with time. The lithium inside the battery reacts with time and eventually, the battery ends.
Method to revive a li-ion battery
There is one proven way to restore your dead battery and that is to fully recharge your battery. First of all, consume or discharge your battery to zero percent. You can use the device until its battery goes empty. Now you have to keep turning on and off your device several times so that there is no charge left on the battery.
When the battery is left with no power in it, you now plug a charger into your device and keep it in that position for 48 hours. If the device you are trying to restore is in your daily usage you can choose a feasible time for yourself to avoid any inconvenience.
Jumpstart is another method to resort to lithium-ion batteries. Jumpstart works on the same pattern as works with automobiles. When a car can’t start on its own, we push the car and try to give some energy outside the system. The same happens with batteries.
When you do the jump start with the dead battery there are a greater number of chances that your battery will be alive back.
You take a USB cable and separate the negative-positive ends of the wire. Do it following the precautions. When you have a USB cable with its one end having positive negative wires, you are good to go for jump start processing. Now Insert the USB cable into the computer, make sure the wires on the other ends are not touching you or each other. Now link the wires to the corresponding ends of the battery. After doing this for 5 to 10 minutes, your battery could be backed to life.
You can use a soldering iron to make repair your lithium batteries. The repair option is good if your battery is actually damaged at some point. You can search over the damaged issue over the internet and can take help from videos and forums. By this, you will be able to revive your batteries.
Why you should go for lithium batteries
With the world-changing, new technologies and powerful gadgets are in the market that requires the same powerful charging and batteries to keep going. So high-density power is today’s need. If you use typical batteries, you have to charge more often to keep you working.
Mobile phones, MacBooks, and tabs need a high density of power so that they can work for longer hours. If the companies use other batteries you have been charging them for whole days. But thanks to these lithium batteries you now have batteries with greater backup.
Another bonus you get with lithium batteries is that you don’t have to take care of these at all. Yes, there are some things that you should consider like, the charging voltage should not be from too high or too low, the temperature should be in a friendly zone, etc. But, there is no special take care like you have to do in lead-acid batteries.
Low self-discharging rate
Unlike other rechargeable batteries, lithium has a very low percentage of self-discharging.
Ni-Cad and NiMH are on the top of the list for self-draining their power. But in lithium, you only lose 5% at the first 4 hours and then 2% per month.
Low self-discharging benefits you to use the battery even after a long time. You can once charge a battery and can use it after a month, and it performs almost the same as newly charged. Like if you are going on a trip you can have lithium batteries with you.
Several varieties available
There are many types of lithium batteries available on the market. That makes it the buyer easy to sort out the best one for herself. Buyers can buy the exact battery that matches their needs. For example, if you need your battery to have a lengthy back-up than power, like for a mobile phone or something you can have one variety of the li-ion. But if your concerns are about high power you still can find one. In all, there are all types of li-ion batteries that address your needs.
In the detailed article, we looked at what are the reasons for lithium batteries to stop charging. What factors we should take care to prevent. Also, we discussed how we can revive dead batteries. In the end, we shed some light on the benefits of having a lithium battery. We hope you enjoyed the article.