There are a lot of 18650 battery factories in mainland China now, and the quality is uneven, some good and some bad. Today’s 18650 battery factory page mainly introduces the basic characteristics of 18650 batteries, the working principle and production process of 18650 batteries, the current top 10 mainstream battery factories, and LG, Samsung and other brand battery specifications.If you have customized needs for 18650 lithium-ion battery packs, we will provide the best solution according to your requirements.
18650 is the originator of lithium-ion batteries – a standard lithium-ion battery model set by Japan’s SONY company in order to save costs, where 18 indicates a diameter of 18mm, 65 indicates a length of 65mm, and 0 indicates a cylindrical battery. Strictly speaking, it is called 18650 lithium battery, and it is called lithium battery or lithium battery pack with the protection board (BMS).
The voltage of the 18650 lithium battery is marked as 3.7V or 4.2V, but the voltage is actually the same. 3.7V is the rated voltage of the cell, and 4.2V is the voltage when the cell is fully charged. The common mainstream capacity in the market is 1800mAh-3300mAh, and there are even 3300 or 4000mAh. Except for the 3500mAh that has been mass-produced by LG, the current technology of other battery manufacturers is not stable, so it is not recommended to buy.
The discharge threshold of 18650 cells is generally 3.2V, and there are also 2.8V. Most lithium batteries cannot be discharged with a no-load voltage below 3.2V, otherwise excessive discharge will damage the battery. 4.2V is the highest limit voltage for battery charging. It is generally believed that charging the no-load voltage of the lithium battery to 4.2V is considered to be fully charged. During the battery charging process, the battery voltage gradually rises from 3.7V to 4.2V, and the lithium battery cannot be charged. Charge the no-load voltage above 4.2V, otherwise it will damage the battery, which is the special place of lithium battery.
The theoretical cycle times of 18650 cells can reach about 1000 times! Due to the high density, the cells are used in notebook batteries (notebook manufacturers have gradually ignored the 18650 cells and switched to polymer lithium cells with larger capacity and smaller volume in order to pursue thickness), power banks (unfortunately, they are composed of 18650 cells). The thickness of the power bank is not less than 18MM, and the power bank that does not use polymer as the cell is small and gradually uses polymer cells), power tools, massage sticks, fascia guns, hand-held small fans, flashlights, LED lights, etc. on the device.
Every time we talk to customers about the number of cycles, we will emphasize to the customers to pay attention to the conditions of use: in theory, at 23±2°C, the battery is fully charged with a current of 0.5C; and then left for 10 minutes, the battery Discharge with 0.5C current to the cut-off voltage, or 0.01C current, and finally let stand for 10 minutes. The above 4 steps, we call it a cycle. At present, the definitions of the major 18650 battery factory specifications are slightly different, and there are two types defined as 300 cycles and 500 cycles. At that time, in the actual selection, we will choose the most suitable battery cell as much as possible according to our industry experience and customer’s application field.
Lithium-ion batteries are mainly composed of a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator and an electrolyte, and rely on Li+ to move between the positive electrode and the negative electrode to work. During charging, Li+ is deintercalated from the positive electrode, intercalated into the negative electrode through the electrolyte, and the negative electrode is in a lithium-rich state; the opposite is true when discharging. Taking lithium cobalt oxide as the positive electrode and graphite as the negative electrode as an example, the chemical reaction formula during charging is as follows:
Lithium-ion batteries are mainly composed of four main materials: positive electrode, negative electrode, diaphragm and electrolyte. At the same time, a complete 18650 cylindrical lithium-ion battery also includes auxiliary materials such as positive and negative leads, upper and lower insulating sheets, cover plates and outer steel shells. Its structure is shown in Figure 1.
The manufacturing process of lithium-ion batteries is complex and there are many procedures. Errors in any link will affect the performance of lithium-ion batteries or bring about safety problems. Therefore, only by strictly controlling each manufacturing process can we manufacture products with excellent performance and safety. qualified cells. Taking the 18650 cylindrical lithium-ion battery as an example, the paper introduces the manufacturing process of the battery in detail, and explains the control points and influences of each manufacturing process. elaboration, as shown in Figure 2.
In the entire manufacturing process, this requires strict SOP and inspection specification process implementation to achieve high-efficiency and high-quality batteries. Of course, there is another very important factor, which is the ratio of design materials developed. This determines battery capacity, charge-discharge performance, and stability.
The following are some cell specifications of LG, Samsung, BAK, please contact me for more parameters of the model.
BAK 18650 3050mAh 6.1A Battery
BAK 18650 3350mAh 6.5A Battery
BAK 18650 2500mAh 20A Battery
LG HG2 18650 3000mAh 20A Battery
LG 18650 HD2 2000mAh 25A Battery
LG Chem 18650 HE2 2500mAh Battery
Samsung ICR18650-26J 2600mAh Battery
Samsung INR18650-25R 2500mAh Battery
Samsung INR18650-20S 2000mAh Battery
HlcBattery, 8-year lithium battery manufacturer, customized 18650 battery pack, energy storage/power lithium battery, more than 10 R&D teams, 100+ enterprise customization, special equipment, medical equipment, security communication, instrumentation 18650 battery pack Manufacturer. The main feature of the product is safety and reliability. When the battery samples are confirmed, we can provide various certifications, including UN38.3, KC, CB, PSE, CE, etc. Welcome to consult our customized 18650 lithium-ion battery pack.
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